高职高考英语真题:2016年广东省高职高考英语卷-附答案 - 高职高考网

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高职高考英语真题:2016年广东省高职高考英语卷-附答案

试卷类型:A

2016年广东省高等职业院校招收中等职业学校毕业生考试

本试卷共10页,81小题,满分150分。考试用时120分钟。

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、考场号、座位号填写在答题卡上。用2B铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条形码横贴在答题卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”。

2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。

3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。

 

.补全对话( 5小题,共10)

阅读下列简短对话;从A、B、C、D中选出最佳答案,将对话补全。

例:M: How's everything going?

W: Fine, thanks. How are you doing?

M: _________________.

  1. I'm 16 now B. Yes, it is good
  2. See you then D. Oh, not too bad

答案是D。

  1. M: Would you like to go to the park with us?

W: _____, but I have to go shopping with Mom today.

  1. Sorry, I can’t go B. You are right
  2. I’d love to D. Yes, I do
  3. M: Hi, Alice! _____?

W: Not bad, thanks.

  1. Where were you B. How was your weekend
  2. Can I help you D. Did you see the film
  3. M: Do you know Lewis?

W: _____?

M: He is very tall and he’s got quite short, brown hair.

  1. What does he look like B. Where is he from
  2. How old is he D. How is he now
  3. M: I’ve looked for my dog everywhere but I still can’t find it.

W: _________________________.

  1. You are welcome B. Good idea
  2. I don’t think so D. I’m sorry to hear that
  3. M: Hello, _____?

W: Sorry. There is no one named Tracy. You must have the wrong number.

  1. Who is that                   B. What’s the matter, Tracy
  2. Is that Tracy speaking  D. What’s your name

 

.词汇与语法(30小题,共45)

A)从A、B、C、D中选出句中画线的单词或词组的意义。

例: We had enough time to do the work.

A.很短的          B.一半的            C.很长的           D.足够的

答案是D。

  1. He defeated John at table tennis and won the first prize.
  2. 打败 B. 藐视 C. 超越         D. 取代
  3. The driver helped carry my baggage to the entrance of the airport.
  4. 衣服 B. 书包              C. 行李              D. 纸箱
  5. He picked up his hat from the ground and went away.
  6. 摘掉 B. 捡起     C. 找到        D. 绕过
  7. Due to the bad weather, I had to ask for one day’s leave this morning.
  8. 幸亏       B. 凡是       C. 尽管         D. 由于
  9. He was arrested by the police because he stole money from his neighbor.
  10. 责备 B. 逮捕       C. 发现         D. 监视
  11. The watch doesn’t work, so you need to have it fixed as soon as possible.
  12. 修理  B. 卖掉       C. 扔掉         D. 更换
  13. It would be rude to leave without saying goodbye.
  14. 合适的 B. 狠心的        C. 匆忙的       D. 粗鲁的
  15. Paper-cutting is a typical example of Chinese art.
  16. 具体的 B. 典型的        C. 明显的         D. 生动的
  17. We haven’t yet been told officially about the rise in salary.

A. 及时地            B. 详细地        C. 正式地                   D. 公开地

  1. A bicycle is often more convenient than a car in towns.
  2. 方便的 B. 便宜的 C. 完美的       D. 时尚的

 

B)从A、B、C、D中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

例:It ________ me a long time to finish my homework last night.

  1. take B. took               C. has taken          D. had taken

答案是B。

  1. They asked me ______ last week.
  2. where had I gone                            B. where I had gone
  3. where had I been                       D. where I had been
  4. _________ the sports meeting will be held depends on the weather.
  5. Whenever                B. If                    C. Whether              D. That
  6. Only in this way ________ finish the job on time.
  7. am I B. I am         C. can I          D. I can
  8. Mary likes Chinese and _______ .
  9. so does Tom           B. so did Tom
  10. so Tom did            D. so Tom does
  11. Don’t leave water ________ when you finish dish washing.
  12. to run B. running       C. run      D. to running
  13. Zhang Hong did not know much about the film ________ she saw it yesterday afternoon.
  14. if B. since             C. until              D. because
  15. _________from the hill, the village looks beautiful.
  16. To see B. seeing C. Having seen           D. Seen
  17. I suggest that Jane ________ her homework on her own.
  18. do B. does        C. did        D. doing
  19. This is the first time that I ______ Beijing.
  20. visited                   B. have visited                           C. had visited                    D. am visiting
  21. If it _______ tomorrow, I will not go to see my aunt.
  22. will rain    B. would rain         C. rains      D. rain
  23. ________ of the students will have chances to go to college in the future.
  24. Three four B. Three fourths    C. Thirds fourths  D. Thirds fourth
  25. I don't think she will agree with us, _______?
  26. will she B. won’t she                  C. don’t you       D. do you
  27. Our factory is three times as _______ as theirs.
  28. the bigger    B. bigger               C. biggest     D. big
  29. The police ________ looking into the accident now.
  30. is       B. Was         C. are         D. were
  31. China is not ________ it used to be.
  32. that B. how         C. whether           D. what
  33. When you leave, please turn off the light energy.
  34. save B. saving C. saved       D. to save
  35. The plane ______ when we got to the airport.
  36. had taken off         B. has taken off              C. will take off                  D. is taking off
  37. Tony is not so clever as Judy, but he works ______than she.
  38. hard     B. harder            C. hardest        D. the hardest
  39. Hurry up, or you catch the train.
  40. can’t B. needn’t             C. mustn’t            D. shouldn’t
  41. After dinner, he often listens to music and __________ books.
  42. see B. watches C. reads         D. looks

 

Ⅲ.完形填空(20小题,共30)

阅读下列短文,并掌握其大意。然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。

 

A farmer had a donkey. One day it fell into a deep hole. The poor animal cried  36  for hours as the farmer tried to figure out what to  37 . Finally, he decided the  38  was too old, so it just wasn’t worth it to try to  39  it, and the hole needed to be  40  up anyway. He invited all his neighbors to come over and  41  him. They each  42  a shovel(铲子)and began to cover the  43  with dirt(泥土). Realizing what was  44 , the donkey at first cried miserably. But as more dirt fell into the hole, it quieted down  45 . The farmer looked down into the hole, and was  46  by what he saw. When the dirt hit its  47 , the donkey shook it off and took a step up on the new layer(一层)of dirt. As the farmer’s neighbors  48   to put dirt on top of the animal, it would shake it off and  49  a step up. Pretty soon, the donkey stepped up over the  50  of the hole and ran away, to the shock and astonishment of  51 .

Life is going to shovel dirt  52  you, all kinds of dirt. The trick to get out of the hole is to stop  53 , and not to let the dirt  54  you, but to shake it off and take a step up. Each one of our troubles in life is a stepping stone. We can  55  difficulties just by not stopping, never giving up!

  1. A. angrily      B. loudly     C. hopefully        D. slowly
    37. A. see              B. say             C. do                D. take
    38. A. farm             B. neighbor         C. hole               D. animal
    39. A. save             B. punish           C. feed              D. sell
    40. A. cleaned           B. shut               C. climbed             D. covered
    41. A. visit               B. replace           C. help              D. pay
    42. A. made             B. took              C. bought           D. broke
    43. A. farmhouse          B. ground            C. neighbor          D. hole
    44. A. rising            B. existing          C. happening         D. appearing
    45. A. completely        B. unwillingly        C. fortunately        D. comfortably
    46. A. surprised          B. worried            C. moved            D. disappointed
    47. A. eyes              B. tail                 C. back               D. legs
    48. A. wanted           B. learned             C. decided            D. continued
    49. A. follow            B. move              C. watch              D. change
    50. A. bottom            B. edge                C. center              D. ceiling
    51. A. everyone        B. someone           C. no one             D. others
    52. A. behind           B. under             C. around             D. on
    53. A. climbing      B. working             C. crying            D. sleeping
    54. A. cover           B. pollute              C. cure              D. protect
    55. A. cause           B. overcome          C. avoid             D. admit

 

Ⅳ.阅读理解(20小题,共40)

阅读下列短文,并做短文后的题目,从四个选项中选出最佳答案。

 

  A

There was once a cobbler(补鞋匠)who seemed to be happy throughout the day. He could be heard singing as he worked. Whatever he got from his work was just enough for food and simple clothing, yet he was always happy.

His neighbor was a rich banker, living in a large and grand house. Unlike the cobbler, he seemed to be unhappy all the time. No one ever saw him smile or laugh. And of course he never sang.

One afternoon, while sleeping, the banker was woken up by the cobbler’s singing. Feeling angry, he thought, “I must put a stop to this!” He went over to the cobbler’s house. The cobbler greeted him cheerfully.

“What makes you sing so much?” asked the banker.

“I’m a happy man,” said the cobbler simply.

“Don’t you need more money to make you and your family happier?” asked the banker. “Don’t you want to buy more beautiful things for your family and live in a bigger house?”

“Well,” said the cobbler, “I’ve never worried about those things because I cannot afford them.”

“I’ll help you,” said the banker. “If you look after my bag of gold coins, I’ll pay you well.”

The cobbler thought that was easy. He dug a hole in his garden and hid the bag of coins in it. But now he had something to worry about. He worried that thieves might come and steal the gold coins.

He worried so much that he stopped singing. He could not eat or sleep properly. His home was silent. Seeing him so worried, his wife and children were unhappy too.

A few days later, the cobbler realized that the gold coins had destroyed his happiness. He dug up the bag of coins and gave it back to the banker. After that, he sang as happily as before.

  1. From the first two paragraphs, we know that .
  2. the banker led a happy and rich life
  3. the banker led a simple and rich life
  4. the cobbler led a happy and rich life
  5. the cobbler led a simple and happy life
  6. Why was the banker angry that afternoon?
  7. Because the cobbler was richer than he.
  8. Because the cobbler was happier than he.
  9. Because he was treated rudely by the cobbler.
  10. Because he was disturbed by the cobbler’s song.
  11. What did the banker ask the cobbler to do?
  12. To sing songs for him. B. To clean up his house.
  13. To take care of his coins. D. To wake him up every day.
  14. With the bag of coins in his garden, the cobbler worried that .
  15. he would be too busy to sing
  16. the coins would be stolen
  17. the banker would get the coins back
  18. his wife and children would use the coins
  19. What did the cobbler do to become happy again?
  20. He returned the coins to the banker.
  21. He spent some time with his family.
  22. He sang as he looked after the coins.
  23. He used the coins by himself.

 

B

 

Two men, John and Tom, both seriously ill, shared a hospital room. John was allowed to sit up in his bed for an hour each afternoon. His bed was next to the room’s only window. But Tom had to spend all his time flat on his back.

Every afternoon when John could sit up, he would describe to Tom all the things he could see outside the window. Tom was so attracted by the description that he could not wait for those one-hour periods. The window faced a park with a lovely lake. Ducks and birds played on the water while children sailed their model boats. Young lovers walked arm in arm and a fine view of the city could be seen in the distance. As John described all this in detail, Tom would close his eyes and imagine the beautiful scenes.

Days and weeks passed. One morning, the nurse found that John had passed away peacefully in his sleep. The next day, Tom asked if he could be moved to the bed next to the window. The nurse was happy to do this, and after making sure he was comfortable, she left him alone.

Slowly, painfully, Tom supported himself up with one arm to take his first look at the real world outside, but only faced a blank wall. When the nurse came back, Tom asked her what had made John describe such wonderful things outside this window. She said that John was blind and could not even see the wall. “Perhaps he just wanted to encourage you,” she added.

  1. We can learn from Paragraph 1 that     .
  2. Tom was allowed to sit up
  3. John and Tom were old friends
  4. Tom could look out of the window
  5. John and Tom were roommates in a hospital
  6. Why did Tom expect that one-hour period every day?
  7. Because he could listen to what John described.
  8. Because he could change the bed with John.
  9. Because he could see the park by himself.
  10. Because he could have a rest then.
  11. What happened to John according to Paragraph 3?
  12. He went blind. B. He fell asleep.
  13. He was dead. D. He became weaker.
  14. What did Tom ask the nurse to do?
  15. To move him to another room.
  16. To move him to the other bed.
  17. To get him a new nurse.
  18. To get him a new doctor.
  19. How would Tom feel when he heard what the nurse said?
  20. Upset. B. Happy.        C. Calm.       D. Moved.

 

C

Recently, a study has confirmed what I’ve long known in my heart: two breakfasts are better than none. The research on the effect of breakfast on weight gain was done on school children. But for adults, in theory, two breakfasts are also better than none.

Researchers from Yale and the University of Connecticut followed 600 middle-school students as they developed from fifth to seventh grade, nothing their weight and if they had zero breakfast, breakfast either at home or at school, or breakfast in both places. They found that weight gain among second-breakfast eaters was no different from the average gain seen among all students. Children who didn’t eat breakfast, or ate it only sometimes, were more likely to be overweight than double-breakfasters. It should be noted that only about one in ten children in the study ate two breakfasts.

The study wasn’t designed to figure out why this might be true, but the researchers have some theories: that people who don’t eat breakfast (or any meal) might overeat later in the day, and that as people become obese, they tend to reduce calories(热量) by having no breakfast.

Yes, school breakfasts are more like a healthy snack(零食) than a full meal, and growing teens can eat a large amount of food. But if you’re still not eating breakfast because you think it gives you more colories, you are not only mistaken, but you are also missing out one of life’s great pleasures.

  1. What do we know about the research according to Paragraph 1?
  2. It was about the effect of dinner on weight gain.
  3. Its result was opposite to the author’s opinion.
  4. It was done on overweight school children.
  5. Its result might also be true of adults.
  6. Which of the following is true according to Paragraph 2?
  7. About 90% of the children in the study had two breakfasts a day.
  8. About 90% of the children in the study had one breakfast a day.
  9. About 10% of the children in the study had two breakfasts a day.
  10. About 10% of the children in the study had no breakfast at all.
  11. What does the underlined word obese mean in Paragraph 3?
  12. Overweight. B. Strong.       C. Tall.         D. Hungry.
  13. According to the researchers, some people don’t eat breakfast because _____.
  14. they have no time B. they prefer snacks
  15. they want to keep fit D. they want to eat more at lunch
  16. What is the best title of this passage?
  17. Breakfast and School Performance  B. Breakfast and Weight Gain
  18. Breakfast and Life Pleasure       D. Breakfast and Snacks

 

D

 

If the sun has enough power to warm and light the whole earth, it must have enough power to do other things, too. Can we use the sun’s plentiful energy to supply electricity, or at least to perform the functions which electricity or other types of power usually perform? The answer is YES.

For example, people have for many years been using the reflected(反射的)heat of the sun to cook. Solar(太阳能的)cookers have been built with several special mirrors reflecting the sun and centering its heat on the cooking part. This equipment can be used just like a gas or electric cooker: it is more expensive to make but it does not need any fuel, and so costs nothing to use. Another possibility of using solar energy is in house heating.

The form of energy we use must is electricity, and every day more is needed. But electricity also has to be made, and to make it, huge quantities of fuel are required — oil, coal, gas and so on.

The question which worries everyone today is: how long will these fuels last? Nobody knows for sure, but most experts think it will soon be difficult to get enough electricity from these sources. It is possible that the sun can make a contribution here, too.

Solar power has already been used to produce powerful heat. In Southern France a solar furnace(锅炉)has been built, where temperatures reach more than 3000℃. This furnace is only used for experiments at present, but could be used to produce steam for a power station.

So it is possible that one day in the near future we will depend on solar furnaces and power stations to provide our electrical needs. Or perhaps each home will be able to use solar power for lighting and heating.

  1. According to Paragraph 1, the sun can provide electricity because ______.
  2. it gives us warmth B. it gives us brightness
  3. it has plenty of power D. it has plenty of gas
  4. One advantage of a solar cooker is that ______.
  5. no fuel is needed B. no mirror is needed
  6. no heat is needed D. no space is needed
  7. According to Paragraph 4, most experts think that fuels on the earth ______.
  8. are always available B. are limited
  9. are expensive D. are always useful
  10. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 means that the sun may provide us with ______.
  11. enough fuels B. enough steam
  12. enough oil                 D. enough electricity
  13. This passage is mainly about ______.
  14. the problems of solar energy B. the functions of solar power
  15. the use of house heating D. the forms of energy

 

.完成句子(5小题,共15)

根据所给汉语提示,完成英语句子。

  1. He missed the morning class __________________________(因为他起床晚了).
  2. __________________________(尽管他只有三岁), he can sing a lot of songs.
  3. Having invited so many people, __________________________(我们得准备足够的食物).
  4. This is the school _____________________________(你父亲曾就读过的).
  5. __________________________(只要你努力学习), you will make progress.

 

Ⅵ.应用写作(1小题,共10)

81.【写作内容】你是李明。你家附近的一家工厂经常排放浓烟,使你感到身体不适。请用英文写一封信给工厂老板Mr. Johnson,表达你的不满,希望工厂能考虑周边居民的健康,并采取改进措施

【写作要求】正文约40个英文单词,文中不可出现你自己的真实姓名、学校等信息。

【评分标准】信息完整,语言规范,语篇连贯。

 

 

 

2016年广东省高等职业院校招收中等职业学校毕业生考试

英语试题参考答案

 

题号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
答案 C B A D C A C B D B A D B C A
题号 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
答案 D C C A B C D A B C B A D C D
题号 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
答案 D A B A C B C D A D C B D C A
题号 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
答案 A C D B B A D C A B D D C B A
题号 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75
答案 D A C B D D C A C B C A B A B

评分说明:1~5小题。每小题2分:6~55小题,每小题1.5分;56~75小题,每小题2分。

.完成句子

  1. because he got up late
  2. Although/Though he is three years old
  3. we must/have to prepare enough food
  4. where my father studied in the past
  5. As long as you study hard

Ⅵ.应用写作

.A.参考示例

 

                                                                   June 8, 2016

Dear Mr. Johnson,

I’m sorry to tell you that your factory often gives off black air. It is much terrible. Would you please consider the health of the people living around the factory? I hope you can do something to improve the factory.

Li Ming

 

 

B.评分标准:

建议分五档给分。评分时,可先根据书信的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后视具体情况在该档次前后加减1分,确定得分。对满分者,要慎重。对正文少于20字的作文,至少扣2分;对于20字以上30字以下的书信,可酌情扣分,但不宜超过2分。

0分 白卷;只有几个毫无内在关联的孤立单词。
2分 条理不清,语言支离破碎,且有严重语言错误;书信中无时间、称呼和结尾签名。
5分 连贯性较差,整体思想表达还算清楚,有一些语言错误。书信中有时间、称呼和结尾签名(以下两档同)。
8分 文字比较连贯,个别地方表达思想不够清楚;仍有少数语言错误。
10分 文字连贯性好,思想表达相当清楚;只有个别轻微的语言错误。

 

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